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What Is BPO? Everything You Need To Know About Business Process Outsourcing

types-of-bpo-jobsPosted on Mon Aug 08 20222 min read
types-of-bpo-jobsPosted on Mon Aug 08 20222 min read

What is BPO?

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), according to the concept of the firm, is to delegate to an external contractor one or more IT-intensive business processes which, in turn, manage and organize the selected process based on defined and observable performance criteria. There are various types of BPO jobs.

The full-form of BPO is Business Process Outsourcing. Business Process Outsourcing is the procedure of dealing a particular chore to an exclusive supplier. BPO jobs are best suited for freshers or college graduates. Technical students don’t need to apply for a BPO job whereas, non-technical students can also apply. Besides, apart from BPO, there are several ways to kick-start your career. Here is a discussion about types of BPO jobs.

 To apply for a BPO job after graduation, one of the primary things is for you to create a freshers resume and send it for applications. In BPO, a foreign company gives employment to people who will make experts do non-core work by other foreign countries and companies.  The secondary function for you before applying for a BPO job is to research outsourcing and understand the concept.  

BPO is divided into two major types which are back office and front office. The job at the bank office is internal business procedures like billing, purchasing, and accounting. The job at the front office is making contracts and deals like tech support and marketing. The major role of a BPO agent is to answer vocal calls professionally. It is their responsibility to explain in detail a customer’s queries.

3 main kinds based on the vendor’s location

Here are three major kinds on the basis of vendors location:

  • Onshore: Onshore vendors contract from the same country as the dealer whereas they might be in a different city or state.
  • Offshore: Offshore vendors contract from different countries with a different country/company.
  • Nearshore: Nearshore vendors live in the neighboring countries of the contracting company/country.

Why do businesses outsource processes?

Here are some of the major reasons that will let you know the reason behind businesses performing outsource processes

To decrease costs

Outsourcing cuts down costs for other staff. The companies dealing with BPO in foreign countries leverage this feature of decreasing labour to their advantage. In the end, BPOs tend to make companies apply variable cost-models.

To concentrate on key functions

When outsourcing is taking place, a company will not have to monitor an accountant’s payroll. These functions can play a major part in increasing a company’s competitive part and it also enhances the interaction of the value chain.

To achieve better results in non-core functions

Outsourcing companies invest in specialized procedures and techniques that can implement sudden developments to the client. For instance, a graphic designing company will never agree to pay for a payroll program but a BPO will offer to pay to take advantage of its benefit.  

To expand their global presence

Outsourcing companies use the advantage of their presence in multiple countries and decrease the responsibility of a local company. Some of the BPO delivers to the contractors in multiple languages which as conclusion leverage the responsibility of a local company.

To enable flexibility

Outsourcing companies take risks in introducing new products and ideas to the market as one of their functions, making it flexible.

To improve speed and efficiency

BPOs which are specialized in record management can prepare documents that can make them keep a company in alliance with legal requirements.

Qualifications to apply for BPO jobs

  1. Fluent and presentable communication skills. Communication skill is necessary because telecommuting for employees is an important function in BPO.
  2. Education qualification is for full school pass out, that is +2.
  3. Basic computer knowledge. Intermediate at browsing the internet, typing skills, receiving and sending out emails, and expert at MS-Office.
  4. Answer to regular calls and also show patience at providing queries
  5. Good listener
  6. In cases of non-vocal BPO jobs, recruiters ask for degrees like B.COM and B.TECH as intermediate requirements to make the person deal with matters regarding sales, accounting, human resources, purchasing, finance, etc.

Resources included in BPO

  1. Data recording
  2. Social media marketing
  3. Payroll
  4. Telemarketing
  5. Customer service
  6. Accounting

Most people always mix up between call centers and BPO but there is a thick line of difference. The manufacturer can use BPO to outsource administrative tasks, accounting, and many more. The call center is a slight part of BPO. A contractor might outsource business by using customer service to a call center. But outsourcing is unlimited to call center and customer resources.

There are external types of BPO services that are considered global BPO jobs. 

Types of BPO jobs

Types of BPO jobs are as follows

  • Call centers: This is the most common BPO in India and United States. Nowadays, BPOs have an increasing amount of work from home BPO agents. These agents are either employed or freelance BPO workers.
  • Data entry and transcriptions: Data entry and transcription is also a commonly known and done BPO job. Transcription generally brings a better paycheck than data entry.
  • Accounting/bookkeeping: These works are throughout contracted out of BPOs.
  • Medical business process outsourcing: Hospitals, nursing homes, medical practicing institutions, and others connect with business processes like medical transcription, billing, and coding.
  • Other types of BPO jobs: Sometimes, BPOs require employees who are fluent in more than one language, can translate languages and search evaluation. The paycheck of the job will be determined by your workload and skills.

Why do people choose BPO jobs?

The reasons for candidates to choose outsourcing are as follows:

  1. BPO is cheap and economy-friendly.
  2. There are different types of BPO jobs available for different sectors.
  3. Most companies have less technological staff has led to the procedure of outsourcing.
  4. With technology rising, BPO has increased its goodwill and is made people’s alternative in various companies and countries.


The industry of BPO is increasing promptly in India. It started increasing at the rate of 38% from the year 2005. The types of BPO jobs are expanding their sectors. Intellectual Property Protection should be put kept in mind which outsourcing business. Professional analysts have declared that the annual GDP of India will be 8-10% from the next decade. 

When an industry is outsourcing business, the agent must apply their core knowledge about the matter to fulfil the procedure. Similar industries related to the types of BPO are BPO training and recruitment, transport vendors, security agencies, and many more.

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