Research is vital in any field. It helps in finding out information about various subjects. It is a systematic process of collecting data, documenting critical information, analyzing data and interpreting it. It employs different methodologies to perform various tasks. Its main task is to collect, compose and analyze data of the subject matter. It can be defined as the process of creating new knowledge or applying existing knowledge to invent new concepts.
Research methods are classified into different categories based on the methods, nature of the study, purpose and research design. Based on the nature of the study, research is classified into two parts- descriptive research and analytical research. This article will cover the subject matter of analytical research. Now, you must be thinking about what is analytical research? It is that kind of research in which secondary data are used to critically examine the study. Researchers used already existing information for research analysis. Different types of analytical research design are used for critically evaluating the information extracted from the data of the existing research.
Students, research scholars, doctors and psychologists etc. take the help of analytical research for taking out important information for their research studies. It helps in adding new concepts and ideas to the already produced material. Various kinds of analytical research design are used to add value to the study material. It is conducted using various methods such as literary research, public opinion, meta-analysis and scientific trials etc.
When you come across a question of what is analytical research, you can define it as a tool that is used to add reliability to the work. This is generally conducted to provide support to an idea or hypothesis. It employs critical thinking to extract the small details. This helps in building big assumptions about the subject matter or the material of the study. It emphasizes comprehending the cause-effect relationship between variables.
Analytical Research includes critical assessment and critical thinking and hence, it is important. It creates new ideas about the data and proves or disproves the hypothesis. If the question comes of what analytical research is used for, it can be said that it is used to create an association between the exposure and the outcome. This association is based on two types of analytical research design. The first is cohort studies and the second is a case-control study. In cohort studies, people of different groups with different levels of exposure are observed over time to analyze the occurrence of an outcome. It is a forward-direction and prospective kind of studies. It is easier to determine the outcome risk among unexposed and exposed groups.
It resembles the experimental design. Whereas in case-control studies, researchers enlist two groups, cases and controls and then bring out the history of exposure of each group. It is backwards-direction and retrospective studies. It consumes less time and comparatively cheaper than cohort studies. It is the primary study design that is used to examine the relationship between a particular exposure and an outcome.
Analytical Research saves time, money, lives and helps in achieving the objectives effectively. It can be conducted using the following methods:
Literary Research is one of the methods of conducting analytical research. It means finding new ideas and concepts from the already existing literary work. It requires you to invent something new, a new way of interpreting the already available information to discuss it. It is the backbone of various research studies. Its function is to find out all the literary information, preserve them with different methodologies and analyze them. It provides hypotheses in the already existing research and also helps in analyzing modern-day research. It helps in analyzing unsolved or doubtful theories.
Meta-Analysis is an epidemiological, formal and quantitative research design that helps in the systematic assessment of previous research results to develop a conclusion about the body of research. It is a subset of systematic reviews. It analyzes the strength of the evidence. It helps in examining the variability or heterogeneity. It includes a quantitative review of the body of literature. It is PRISMA and its aim is to identify the existence of effects, finding the negative and positive kinds of effects. Its results can improve the accuracy of the estimates of effects.
Scientific Trials research is conducted on people. It is of two types, observational studies and the second is clinical traits. It finds new possibilities of clinical traits. It aims to find out medical strategies. It also helps in determining whether medical treatment and devices are safe it not. It searches for a better way of treating, diagnosing, screening and treatment of the disease. It is a scientific study that involves 4 stages. It is conducted to find if a new treatment method is safe, effective and efficient in people or not.
It aims to examine or analyze the surgical, medical and behavioural intervention. There are different types of scientific trials such as cohort studies, case-control studies, treatment trials, cross-sectional studies, screening trials, pilot trials and prevention trials etc.
Analytical Research is that kind of research that utilizes the already available data for extracting information. Its main aim is to divide a topic or a concept into smaller pieces to understand it in a better way and then assembling those parts in a way that is understandable by you. You can conduct analytical research by using the methods discussed in the article. It involves ex-ante research. It means analyzing the phenomenon.
It is of different types such as historical research, philosophical research, research synthesis and reviews. Also, it intends to comprehend the causal relation between phenomena. It works within the limited variables and involves in-depth research and analysis of the available data. Therefore, it is crucial for any data because it adds relevance to it and makes it authentic. It supports and validates a hypothesis. It helps companies in making quick and effective decision-making about the product and services provided by them.